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SOUL SEARCHING AND DR. PEPPER

IT ALL STARTED WITH DR. PEPPER....

 
 
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KOHH - BINBOU NANTE KINI SHINAI

Started from the bottom - now you're here learning Japanese with Kohh

Grammar points

1. Grammar point 1: Conditional Temo Sentence

大金(おおがね)持(も)ちでも心(こころ)の中(なか)が貧乏(びんぼう)じゃ意味(いみ)ない
   Okanemochi demo kokoro no naka ga binbou jya imi nai

                    でも = Conditional TEMO sentence (なadjectives)
    目(め)の前(まえ)にお金(おかね)が無(な)くても幸(しあわ)せな事(こと)がいっぱいあるから大丈夫(だいじょうぶ)
    Me no mae ni okane ga nakutemo shiawasena koto ga ippai arukara daijyoubu

ても (temo) Sentence is used to indicate a reverse condition. It's used when an action which is expected to be taken or an event which is expected to happen naturally under the given circumstances does not materialize or a thing turns out in a way opposite to a socially accepted idea.

Let's check out the sentence patterns for ても (temo) sentence...

Sentence 1 (て-form) も、Sentence 2


Affirmative

Verb (て-form) も、Sentence 2

い-Adj (~い) くて も、Sentence 2

な-Adj で も、Sentence 2

Noun で も、Sentence 2

Negative

Verb ない-form (~ない) なくて も、Sentence 2

い-Adj (~い) くなくて も、Sentence 2

な-Adj でなくて も、Sentence 2

Noun でなくて も、Sentence 2

We called this conditional form ても (temo) sentence because it means て-form + も (te-form + mo). However, it doesn't mean it's always ても (temo), sometimes it can be でも (demo), sometimes it can be っても (ttemo), depending on what is the て-form (te-form) in Sentence 1 of the sentence structures.

2. Grammar point 2: Yori

みんな言(い)うお金(かね)よりも愛(あい)
Minna iu okane yori mo ai

より yori – rather than 

X yori Y = Y rather than X  in this sentence it is LOVE rather than MONEY.

3. Grammar point 3: 'de wa' and 'jya'

大金持(おおがねも)ちでも心(こころ)の中(なか)が貧乏(びんぼう)じゃ意味(いみ)ない

Okanemochi demo kokoro no naka ga binbou jya imi nai

If I am to put this sentence into the digestible chunks…

    大金持(おおがねも)ちでも 心(こころ)の中(なか)が貧乏(びんぼう)では 意味(いみ)がありません。   
   Oogane mochi demo kokoro no naka ga binbou dewa imi ga arimasen.

In this post I’d like to look at the particle combination で+は = では (pronounced ‘de wa’) and the related word じゃ (ja).

To a certain extent, the various usages of “では”can be understood by taking a sum of the usages of で and は when used separately, but in some cases thinking in this way may not be intuitive, so I’ll go over some specific examples to make things clear.

では can be used is when talking about a situation or condition, in the sense of “with such a situation…”.

Imagine someone tried to explain a movie’s plot with a confusing set of scene descriptions which were out of order. You might reply to them:

♣ それでは分からないよ!

♣ That’s not enough for me to understand! (literally: “With that, I won’t understand”)

Let’s look at another example.

♣ 教科書だけでは足りないよ。

♣ Only a textbook is not enough. (to become fluent, etc.)

You may have noticed both of these examples talk about something negative (can’t understand, not enough), and this is one of the nuances of は.

I think it’s time we talked about “じゃ”. It’s simply a abbreviation for ”では”, although it isn’t interchangeable in all cases.

For example in the above two sentences, it’s perfectly natural to replace では with じゃ, and I would argue it sounds best with じゃ.

♣ それじゃ分からないよ!

♣ 教科書だけじゃ足りないよ。

However, if the sentence doesn’t express something negative, it sounds unnatural to use じゃ.

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